已婚男人更加容易有心病

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已婚男人更加容易有心病

已婚男人更加容易有心病

最近,一项心理学研究成果指出,陷入婚姻的男人比那些只与女友同居的男性更容易患精神方面的疾病;而对女性来说正相反,结婚比同居更利于女性心理健康。更让人惊讶的是,独身女性的心理健康状况似乎好于有伴侣的女性。

婚姻稳固利于心理健康

发表在英国《流行病学和社区健康杂志》上的这份研究报告说,老光棍最容易患忧郁症。英国伦敦大学玛丽王后学院的一组研究人员对4000名65岁以下的英国男女进行的调查发现,能把第一次婚姻或同居关系进行到底的男女注定会在晚年受益,这些人最不容易患心理疾病。

研究人员发现,如果一对伴侣关系破裂,双方出现心理疾患的风险大大升高。其中女性比男性更容易受伤害,需要花比男性更多的时间恢复。调查还显示,女性在没有异性伴侣的情况下可以生活得很好。那些没恋爱过的女人很少出现精神问题,而结过婚或者跟男友同居过的女性就没那么幸运。然而,女性一旦有了伴侣,结婚比同居更有利于心理健康。

女人结婚比同居好

研究发现,同居的女人比结婚的女人更容易患心理疾病,这可能是因为同居中女人所享受的权利比已婚妇女少。研究人员指出:“缺乏安全感是同居女性精神状况不佳的主要原因。”关系学专家波拉·郝尔认为,这种结果是男女的需求差异导致的。“女人需要安全感。因为她们有生儿育女的责任,有照顾和保护的本能,因此婚姻关系对她们很重要,而男人不太看重这个。妇女所向往的稳固的家庭,在男人看来像牢笼。所以他们宁愿同居而不愿意结婚。”从女性角度出发,在英国有专家建议国家加强立法,保护同居女性的权益。

其实关于结婚是否只对女性有利,心理学专家各持己见。澳大利亚的学者认为,结婚能让男女双方都受益。调查显示,每8个已婚的人中只有一个有心理问题;而在单身人士中,这个数字上升到1/4。其中,有孩子的已婚妇女最不容易出现心理问题。70年代曾有研究指出,婚姻令妇女的精神压力加大。但目前的研究指出,婚姻中男女双方经受的压力一般大。这说明随着时代的进步,女性的社会角色在逐渐变化。即便婚姻失败,她们也面临很多生活和工作上的机会,所以婚姻带给女性的压力就相对小了。

家庭帮男人缓解压力

科学家在另一项历时7年的研究中发现,已婚的男女比同龄的单身人士更健康。这可能跟社会普遍对婚姻关系抱支持态度有关,也可能跟单身生活不规律、缺乏照顾有关。英国研究人员通过全国普查发现,已婚男性的死亡风险比单身男子低9%,已婚女性跟独身女性的区别则没有这么明显。

心理学家认为婚姻给男性以安全感,所以对他们的健康有利。我们知道,有个能说知心话的人对保持身体健康和心理健康都很重要。已婚男人健康的原因之一就是有人倾听他们的烦恼,独身男子就缺乏这个条件。因为男人喜欢对外界展示其坚强的一面,因此诉说烦恼的对象通常只能是他们的妻子。女性的诉说对象则比较多。除了另一半以外,她们还可以跟最好的女朋友谈心。因此,即便是独身女性也不乏倾诉的对象,不会因为单身的缘故就闷出病来。

Recently, a psychological research result pointed out that men who fall into marriage are more likely to suffer from mental illness than men who only live with their girlfriends; for women, on the contrary, marriage is more beneficial to women’s mental health than cohabitation. Even more surprising is that the mental health of single women seems to be better than women with partners.

Marriage is stable and good for mental health

The study published in the British Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health said that old bachelors are most susceptible to depression. A team of researchers at the Queen Mary School of the University of London in England surveyed 4,000 British men and women under the age of 65 and found that men and women who could carry out their first marriage or common-law relationship in the end are destined to benefit in their later years. These people are the least likely to suffer. Mental illness.

Researchers found that if the relationship between a pair of partners breaks down, the risk of mental illness on both sides is greatly increased. Women are more vulnerable than men and need more time to recover than men. The survey also shows that women can live well without heterosexual partners. Women who have never been in love rarely have mental problems, and women who have been married or cohabited with a boyfriend are not so lucky. However, once a woman has a partner, marriage is more beneficial to mental health than cohabitation.

Women get married better than cohabitation

The study found that cohabiting women are more likely to suffer from mental illness than married women. This may be because cohabiting women enjoy fewer rights than married women. The researchers pointed out: “Lack of security is the main reason for the poor mental state of cohabiting women.” Relational expert Paula Hale believes that this result is caused by the differences in the needs of men and women. “Women need a sense of security. Because they have the responsibility to have children and have the instinct to care and protect, the marriage relationship is very important to them, and men do not value this. The stable family that women yearn for looks to men. It’s like a cage. So they would rather live together than get married.” From the perspective of women, some experts in the UK suggested that the country strengthen legislation to protect the rights and interests of women living together.

Actually, psychologists hold different opinions on whether marriage is only good for women. Australian scholars believe that marriage can benefit both men and women. The survey shows that only one in eight married people has psychological problems; and among singles, this number rises to 1/4. Among them, married women with children are the least prone to psychological problems. A study in the 1970s pointed out that marriage puts more stress on women. However, current research indicates that the pressure on both men and women in marriage is generally great. This shows that with the progress of the times, women’s social roles are gradually changing. Even if the marriage fails, they face many opportunities in life and work, so the pressure on women caused by marriage is relatively small.

Family helps men relieve stress

Scientists found in another 7-year study that married men and women are healthier than single people of the same age. This may be related to the general supportive attitude towards marriage in society, or it may be related to irregular single life and lack of care. British researchers found through a national census that married men have a 9% lower risk of death than single men, and the difference between married women and single women is not so obvious.

Psychologists believe that marriage gives men a sense of security, so it is good for their health. We know that having someone who can speak the heart is important for maintaining physical and mental health. One of the reasons for the health of married men is that some people listen to their troubles, and single men lack this condition. Because men like to show their strong side to the outside world, the object of complaining is usually only their wives. There are more female complaints. In addition to the other half, they can also talk to their best girlfriends. Therefore, even single women have no shortage of people to talk to, and they will not get sick because of being single.

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